Tuesday, December 22, 2009

No Politics On Climate Change

A couple of days before Copenhagen submit, Environment Minister Mr. Jairam Ramesh spoke on government’s policies on climate change. He spoke about the decision to cut emission intensity to 20 to 25%. Naturally, contradicting this decision, its opponent raised a stupid question- why should India compromise with its development even if per capita emission of India is lower than China or US? The question was stupid in the sense that don’t we have any responsibility for our future generation. It is obvious that opposition party will always contradict government’s decision. But, our great leader! Why to compromise with future generation? Do think that what crisis your child will face in a future where there would be no food to eat or fresh air to breathe. Climate change is a very urgent and serious issue. There are thousands of other issues to debate on; why to politicize the issue of climate change?
Besides that, Indians are always concerned about their rights but we forget that rights are meaningless without duties. I suppose securing our child’s future is our top most duty. This is my statement to all those netajis enjoying the comfort of the seats parliament (or better to say suffering from the term ‘austerity’) that you are leaving no legacy for your children.

Wednesday, March 18, 2009

“Only Bars Of Prison Can Save Our Mother Planet”

We common people have failed to change our mindset.
Now the unsympathetic laws can save our Planet from change.

The lifestyle is changing very rapid and hence is climate. Today the climate is changing with the pace of our lifestyle. Scientists claim that our climate is warming and estimated that human survival would be in danger within 22nd century. Besides that, our next generation would face much severe problems, as there would be no fossil fuels left for to meet the energy requirements. Although the world is very much concern about it, however this consciousness is not enough to save our mother planet. Now something must be done. It’s the time for all babus who enjoy the comfort of the seat in parliament to prove themselves that they are our leaders, our real heroes.
Climate change is one of the burning issues in the whole world. Neither me, nor you are unaffected from this change. I believe that the only way to get rid of this dilemma is to change our mindset. We ourselves should adopt more eco-friendly methods of living. Many NGOs and voluntary organizations whole-heartedly tried to do it. But their efforts had no great impact on us. We all are trapped into a single bogus ideology that nature can have no impact on human, as we are supreme. All the possible solution to this crisis had been tried except the legislative power of the leaders.
Till date, there are more than two hundred laws, which directly or indirectly related to protection of environment. Under 42nd amendment of the Indian constitution in 1972, Fundamental duties have been incorporated in it. Among these 10 principle fundamental duties, protection of the environment is on the top most priority. From ban on plastic bags to check pollution level from industries, government had tried its best to save the future. However, these laws had not been implemented up to its greatest extent. People rarely have heard of these eco-friendly laws. The greatest drawback of such policies (or laws) is that there is no harsh punishment on the infringement of such laws. Probably none of us has gone through a case where jail sentence has been awarded for degradation of environment. We don’t fear of using plastic bags or wasting water or electricity, as we know that no one would stop us. The fact is that extensive consumption of such elements has now been converted into our way of life and we cannot be in this world without it.
Now the time has come for change. It is the time when our leaders should lead us to safe world. We ourselves have failed to change our mindset. Now only the lathis and fines of collector can make it happen. Our history is crammed with hundreds of examples where only the bars of prison and heavy fines were able to abolish the dark component of the society, whether is a economic or social and cultural crisis. It is probably for the first time when voters cannot make politicians responsible for the dilemma; but politician should help us to get out from it because a single cannot change the society. Laws must be unsympathetic. It is obvious that government would face stumbling block from common people and may also face cuts in votes, but something needs to be done. After all, it is the matter of our children and their future.

Sunday, February 1, 2009

Don't Be Proud Of Slumdog

If I ask you whether you are proud of ‘Slumdog Millionaire’, the answer would of course be yes. And why not? Slumdog has already won four golden globe awards and has send 10 nominations for Oscar. But as far as diplomatic side of the country is concerned, is it fair to show a movie to the whole world where more that half of the movie scenes belong to poor slum dwellers? Slumdog Millionaire disclosed the brutal truth of our society, the ever-widening gap between the riches and the poor. This may not seem unusual to Indians, who are totally aware of the fact, but when a man from west watch this out, don’t you think that it would make some difference?
Indians has always been crazy about awards. For awards, an India may do anything; even he can be pessimistic in front of the whole world. What is the difference between India and other developed and prosperous countries? They concentrate on a very simple policy- “never highlight the dark side of our society as much as possible; always try to be optimistic, especially before the foreigners.” I think that none of us have ever seen scene of beggars in a Hollywood movie. The reason behind it is that they are always optimistic and always have a positive attitude. Our literature has always focused on introducing positive attitude. But as we are entering to a new era, are we overlooking the moral values and respect to our motherland? Patriotism does not mean singing patriotic songs, but it means to respect the nation.
Slumdog is not the only film where dark side of the Indian society has been depicted. The Man Booker Prize winning (2008) book, The White Tiger is also based on the brutal truth of our society, Written by Mumbai based journalist, Aravind Adiga, showed the ever widening gap between rich and poor of India. It’s a matter of surprise that outsiders were very much impressed by the slums of India, probably not because they don’t have slums in their country, but they don’t know about their miseries.
Obama has imposed heavy levy on outsourcing companies. So, India would face the problem in form of job cuts from American companies in India in upcoming years. In addition, these companies will try to find other bases where profit will be more and new companies will first experiment on India and then set their feet in water. But, when these companies will become the bystander of Slumdog Millionaire, don’t you think that they will think twice before they set their feet on the land of slums?
Slumdog touched the sky in bollywood box office and critics reviewed it by awarding for-and-a half star, probably the highest any movie has got in recent years. Indians are always crazy about cinemas. But is Slumdog the real movie, which Indians would love to watch? Don’t we feel ashamed to call ourselves a Galli Ka Kutta?

Sunday, January 18, 2009

India-Pakistan: Two Hot Neighbors

Before the partition of India and Pakistan, a pool of poison of hate ness was created inside the hearts of Indians and Pakistanis, which still affects the relation between these two nuclear states. Indian foreign policy has always tried to form as well as to maintain the peaceful relation between them, but the success didn’t last long. Rather than maintaining a peace relation with its neighboring and super power, Pakistan has always represented India as her wicked and awful neighbor. Pakistani government has launched a new policy, anti-Indian policy. From 1947 to till date, Pakistan has spread an undeclared war on India at international, national and regional level.
United States Of America has done a lot to escalate tension between India and Pakistan. American foreign policy allowed selling their military arms to Pakistan, which was used against Indians. Whatever “war on terror” America may have started, in the real sense, America has helped terrorist groups to strengthen its base in Pakistan and spread terrorism in India. That was the reason that after the attacks of 26/11, America supported India only through words, not through any action against the terrorist camps in Pakistani soil.

The pool of hate ness, which was created during the partition has a bitter consequence as this affects the world politics and security, and especially south Asian countries have felt the highest tremors of this quake. India and Pakistan always try dug up the differences between them. According to Michael Bragger, an undeclared war between India and Pakistan still continues. Before partition, Indian leaders thought that the condition between them would be healthier after partition. But from the beginning of the birth of Pakistan, issues such as Hyderabad conflict, Jammu and Kashmir conflict and refugees problem evolved and relation between these two states started getting worse.
After the defeat of India by China in 1962, relation between India and China was not apt. And then in 1965, although a peace agreement and a promise of no-war were made between India and Pakistan, India was attacked but gave a crushing defeat to Pakistan. So, Pakistan took the benefit of the bicker that was in between India and China, and decided to befriend China to take revenge of this defeat. In return, China provided military and financial support to Pak.
An Important role was played by India for giving Bangladesh a status of an independent nation. This pursuit angered Pakistan and again attacked India in 1971. But as usual, Pakistan again got a crushing defeat. To take revenge of series of defeat by India, Pakistan decided to take the path of terrorism, which is killing the integrity and sovereignty of India.
India has always been surrounded by Pakistan, India’s closest neighbor. While India’s foreign policy has always been directed to maintain peace relation with Pakistan, but Pak has always ignored India’s effort. War between these two nations is common and both distrust each other. India has been facing a threat from terrorism, which has made Pakistan as its home. The recent terrorist attacks on Mumbai have escalated the tension between these two nuclear countries.

Sunday, January 4, 2009

Food Crisis In India

“Of all the things before us, agriculture comes first”
-Jawaharlal Nehru

Agriculture was and is one of the largest employment sectors in the world, especially in India. More number of workers is employed in agriculture in compare to other sectors. In India, 70 percent earn their livelihood through agriculture. Although there has been a large number involved in agriculture, still there is a food crisis.


In India, agriculture got its dimension during green revolution. This introduced several new scientific methods, which increased food production several folds. But still, In India, 26 percent live below poverty line and several hundreds die due to malnutrition.

The main reason for food crisis in India and the world is increase in population. India is the second populated state with more than billion living in it. It is projected that the population will increase to 1.3 billion in 2020, and would leave behind China in 2050 if the population growth remains unchanged. To feed the large population we require millions of tons of food grain. It is estimated that India would require 343.0 million metric tons of food grains in 2020 to feed the whole population. There are only two ways to increase the productivity- by increasing the land under agriculture and by using scientific methods of agriculture. As we cannot increase land under agriculture as it is saturated, so we should head toward scientific method to boost the productivity. Scientific methods include better quality of fertilizer, genetically modified seeds (which are resistant to pests as well as have high productivity), better methods of irrigation and lots more.

The prices of important commodities are rising. Two-digit inflation rate has affected agriculture. Prices of commodities such as fertilizers and others used in agriculture have considerably gone up. So income from agriculture has been reduced and farmers are forced to leave agriculture.

Environmental scientists believe that our climate is changing very fast. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) warned us that climate change could cause change in the pattern of rainfall. The report says that North-western part would receive more rainfall rather that eastern part of the country. Just imagine that desert states such as Rajasthan would be flooded, whereas the land of clouds-Meghalaya would face water scarcity! This would affect agriculture. Uneven distribution of rain can convert agricultural land into barren. 70 percent of agricultural land in India is dependent on rain for irrigation. Climate change can cause Himalayan glaciers to melt, due to which there would be no existence of rivers such as Ganges or Yamuna, which originate from Himalayas. So, there will be severe drought in northern India and special arrangement must be taken in order to make agriculture possible.

Today, prices of fossils fuel is raising drastically. Where the price of crude oil was $50-$60 per barrel in year 2005, today, its price has been doubled; $120 (July) per barrel. Increase in prices of fossil fuels have not affected agriculture directly, but have affected it indirectly by reducing the production of food grains. Considering high demand of fossil fuel, farmers rather than cultivating food crops, they are now cultivating cash crops, which can produce bio fuel. Farmers get profit by cultivating crops such as Jatropha, which can produce bio fuel. So, production of food grains has considerably reduced.

As discussed earlier, to increase food production, area under agriculture should be increased. But rather than increasing, agricultural land is now being converted into industrial land. The recent example is of Singur, where thousand acre of agricultural land is converted into a car factory.

Urbanization is another problem. Agricultural lands are now being converted into housing plots and are converted into cities and towns. This has increased the pressure on agriculture.

Not only India, food crisis is now being worldwide. It’s a serious problem and it should not be over looked. However, United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has provided fund of billion dollar to recover this crisis. But still it’s not enough. Food crisis is not a short-term crisis. Its like a chain, several factors are responsible for food crisis. Once Mahatma Gandhi quoted before his assassination:


“Forget the past. Remember everyday dawns for us from
the moment we wake up. Let us all, ever one, wake up now”
-Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi


Acknowledgement
Manorama Yearbook 2006
Competition Success Review